7 Types of Wood Used in the Tabernacle and Their Symbolism

When you look at the intricate design and craftsmanship of the Tabernacle, one question might arise in your mind: why did God specifically choose certain types of wood to be used in its construction?

What do these various types of wood symbolize and represent?

Throughout history, wood has often been imbued with deep symbolic meanings, and the Tabernacle is no exception. Each type of wood used in its creation carries a unique significance, shedding light on the spiritual messages hidden within its structure.

In this article, we will explore the seven types of wood used in the Tabernacle and delve into their symbolic meanings. From acacia wood representing durability and resilience to olive wood symbolizing peace and the Holy Spirit, each type of wood offers a profound insight into the believer’s journey of faith.

But before we delve into the symbolism of each wood, let’s take a closer look at these seven types of wood and their significance in the construction of the Tabernacle: Acacia, Cedar, Cypress, Fir, Olive, Pine, and Shittim wood.

So, why were these specific types of wood selected? What secrets do they hold?

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Acacia Wood: Symbolizing Durability, Purity, and Resilience

Acacia wood played a significant role in the construction of the Tabernacle, specifically in the formation of key structural elements like the ark of the covenant and the table for the bread of presence.

This type of wood holds deep symbolic meaning, representing essential qualities such as durability, purity, and resilience in the face of adversity.

Just as acacia wood is known for its long-lasting nature and resistance to decay, it serves as a powerful metaphor for the eternal and unchanging nature of God’s word.

Acacia wood also embodies purity and the pursuit of righteousness. Its fine grains and smooth texture reflect the desire for moral integrity and the quest for spiritual purity.

As believers navigate life’s challenges, acacia wood reminds them of their commitment to walk in the path of righteousness and maintain untarnished faith.

The resilience of acacia wood is another noteworthy characteristic that aligns with the human experience of facing trials and tribulations. Just as this wood can withstand harsh conditions and thrive in challenging environments, it represents the strength and fortitude required to overcome obstacles and maintain an unwavering faith.

Acacia wood serves as a reminder that, regardless of the storms of life, one’s faith can remain unshaken, firmly rooted in the eternal truths of God.

“Acacia wood, with its inherent durability, purity, and resilience, perfectly captures the essence of an unwavering faith that stands the test of time.” David Thompson

Throughout history, acacia wood has been cherished for its unique properties and symbolic significance. Its inclusion in the construction of the Tabernacle not only highlights the practicality of its use but also emphasizes the profound spiritual truths that it represents.

Acacia wood stands as a testament to the eternal faith and unwavering conviction of believers, providing a tangible reminder of the enduring nature of God’s word and the strength of one’s commitment to Him.

DurabilityThe long-lasting nature of acacia wood symbolizes the enduring quality of God’s word and the steadfastness of one’s faith.
PurityThe fine grains and smooth texture of acacia wood represent moral integrity and the pursuit of spiritual purity.
ResilienceAcacia wood’s ability to withstand harsh conditions symbolizes the strength and fortitude needed to face life’s challenges and maintain an unwavering faith.

Cedar Wood: Vivid Fragrance and Protective Symbolism

While not directly used in the Tabernacle’s initial construction, cedar wood later found its place in Solomon’s Temple. This elegant and aromatic wood holds a special significance, symbolizing purification, protection, and the believer’s call to live a life that is pleasing to God.

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One of the remarkable qualities of cedar wood is its fragrant aroma, which permeates the air. Just as the scent of cedar wood fills a room, it serves as a reminder of the divine presence and the need for believers to emit a sweet aroma in their own lives.

This wood also showcases remarkable decay resistance, ensuring the longevity of the structures it is employed in. In parallel, God’s protection surrounds and sustains believers, shielding them from harm and decay.

Cedar wood serves as a powerful symbol of purification. Its natural oils have a cleansing effect, representing the believer’s journey towards spiritual purity and sanctification.

Furthermore, cedar wood is associated with divine providence and the safeguarding of believers. Just as cedar trees shield smaller plants beneath their canopy, God’s providence provides a covering of protection and care to those who trust in Him.

Symbolism of Cedar WoodMeaning
FragranceThe believer’s call to exude a sweet aroma in their life and relationships
Decay ResistanceGod’s protection and preservation of believers against harm and decay
PurificationThe spiritual journey towards purity and sanctification
ProtectionGod’s divine providence and care for His people

Embracing the Symbolism of Cedar Wood

As believers, we are encouraged to embrace the symbolism of cedar wood in our own lives. Let the fragrance of your actions and words blend with the love and character of Christ. Seek God’s protection and allow His divine providence to guide and sustain you.

Strive for purity in your thoughts, motives, and interactions, and experience the cleansing power of God’s grace. As you do, you will reflect the beauty, strength, and protection symbolized by cedar wood.

cedar wood

Cypress Wood: Longevity and Steadfastness in Faith

Although not explicitly mentioned in the context of the Tabernacle, cypress wood holds significant symbolism due to its exceptional qualities of longevity and steadfastness.

Cypress, known for its durability and sturdiness, is a testament to the enduring nature of faith. Just as the cypress tree stands firm and unwavering through the changing seasons, believers are encouraged to hold fast to their faith, remaining resolute in the face of challenges.

Cypress wood exemplifies the concept of longevity, representing the idea that faith is not a fleeting experience but a lifelong commitment. It reminds believers that their faith should not be easily swayed or abandoned, but rather should stand strong and unwavering throughout their journey.

This steadfastness in faith is emphasized through the symbolism of cypress wood. Its resilience and ability to withstand the test of time serve as a powerful reminder to remain devoted to one’s beliefs, even in the face of adversity.

“Faith is the steadfast anchor of the soul.”

Just as cypress trees provide shade and protection to those beneath their branches, believers are called to provide support and shelter for others, demonstrating the steadfastness of their faith in action.

Through the symbolism of cypress wood, believers are encouraged to nurture a faith that endures through the changing seasons of life, mirroring the longevity and steadfastness of the cypress tree.

This unwavering devotion fosters a deep-rooted connection to God and a resilience that enables believers to weather the storms of life with grace and trust.

Cypress Wood Symbolism in Other Traditions

It’s worth noting that cypress wood holds significance in various cultures and religions beyond the context of the Tabernacle. In Greek mythology, the cypress tree is associated with mourning and immortality.

In traditional Chinese culture, cypress is believed to possess cleansing and protective properties. These diverse interpretations only further highlight the profound symbolism of cypress wood and its universal representation of longevity and steadfastness in faith.

Fir Wood: Elevating Hearts and Minds

Fir wood holds a significant place in various scriptural constructions, capturing the essence of elevation and loftiness. Symbolizing a high calling, it inspires believers to seek spiritual heights above and beyond earthly concerns.

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As you gaze upon the beauty of fir wood, you are reminded of the majestic presence of God and the exalted position of Christ seated at the right hand of the Father.

The use of fir wood in sacred structures serves as a visual representation of the believer’s invitation to elevate their hearts and minds towards heavenly realms.

Just as the tall and majestic fir trees reach towards the sky, you are encouraged to set your sights on things above, embracing the aspirations of your high calling in Christ.

By fixing your eyes on Him and immersing yourself in His word, you can experience a profound sense of spiritual elevation and divine purpose.

Allow the presence of fir wood to ignite a deep longing in your soul to rise above the mundane and embrace the loftiness of your calling. Let it serve as a constant reminder that your true identity lies in heavenly realms and that you are called to live a life worthy of God’s gracious invitation.

By aspiring to the heights of spiritual growth and devotion, you can find fulfillment and purpose in aligning your life with God’s divine plan.

Olive Wood: Peace, Anointing, and the Holy Spirit

Although not utilized in the Tabernacle, olive wood plays a significant role in scripture, particularly in the crafting of Solomon’s Temple. Olive wood symbolizes peace, anointing, and the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit in a believer’s life, guiding and sanctifying them.

olive wood

The symbolism of olive wood dates back to biblical times, where the olive tree represented peace and prosperity. The olive branch itself was a symbol of peace, as seen in the story of Noah’s ark, where the dove brought back an olive leaf, signaling the end of the flood and the return of peace to the earth.

“And the dove came back to him in the evening, and behold, in her mouth was a freshly plucked olive leaf.” Genesis 8:11

In addition to peace, olive oil obtained from the olive tree was used for anointing in various religious ceremonies. Anointing with olive oil symbolized consecration, purification, and empowerment by the Holy Spirit for a specific purpose or position. This anointing represented a divine calling and the presence of God’s Spirit upon an individual.

The olive tree itself is also a beautiful representation of sanctification. It takes time for an olive tree to grow and bear fruit, just as our spiritual journey requires patience and perseverance.

As believers, we are called to be set apart, continuously maturing and bearing fruit through the empowering presence of the Holy Spirit. The presence of olive wood in Solomon’s Temple serves as a reminder of this lifelong sanctification process.

Symbolism of Olive Wood:

PeaceRepresenting harmony, tranquility, and reconciliation
AnointingSignifying consecration, purification, and empowerment by the Holy Spirit
SanctificationReflecting the ongoing process of spiritual growth, maturity, and bearing fruit

In summary, while olive wood was not used in the construction of the Tabernacle, its symbolism in biblical scripture is profound. It serves as a reminder of peace, anointing, and the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit in the lives of believers.

Just as the olive tree bears fruit through the nurturing of the Spirit, may we continually seek His guidance and allow His presence to sanctify and empower us.

Pine Wood: Everlasting Life and Immortality

Pine wood, with its straight growth and evergreen nature, holds deep symbolism in religious contexts. In the construction of sacred spaces, such as the Tabernacle, pine wood is revered for its representation of everlasting life and immortality.

It serves as a powerful reminder of the eternal covenant between God and His people, emphasizing the promise of eternal life through faith.

pine wood
Pine Wood SymbolismKey Concepts
Straight GrowthSymbolizes the unwavering path towards eternal life
Evergreen NatureRepresents the undying essence of immortality
Eternal CovenantSignifies the enduring promise between God and believers

Shittim Wood: Resilience and the Imperishable Covenant

Shittim wood, also known as acacia wood, played a vital role in the construction of the Tabernacle. It shares the same symbolism of resilience, representing the imperishable nature of God’s covenant with His people.

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Just as acacia wood demonstrates durability and strength, believers are encouraged to embody these qualities in their faith journey. Like the Tabernacle, which stood strong and unyielding, our faith should withstand the tests of time and tribulations.

“The Shittah-tree shall stand there, the acacia and the myrtle and the oil-tree…” Isaiah 41:19

Through the use of shittim wood, God reveals His unfailing promise to His people. Just as the acacia tree’s wood remains imperishable, so does the divine covenant. It is a reminder that God’s love and faithfulness are enduring and steadfast.

The Symbolism of Shittim Wood

Shittim wood’s symbolism aligns with the broader themes present in the construction of the Tabernacle. It represents:

  • Resilience: The ability to bounce back from adversity and remain steadfast in faith.
  • Imperishability: The everlasting nature of God’s covenant and His faithfulness.
  • Firm foundation: The importance of building our lives on a solid foundation of faith.

Just as each piece of shittim wood contributed to the Tabernacle’s structure, we, as believers, are called to contribute to the greater work of God’s kingdom.

We can draw inspiration from the symbolism of shittim wood

When faced with challenges, let us remember the resilience and strength depicted by the acacia tree. Let us stand firm in our faith, trusting in the imperishable covenant God has established with us.

ResilienceStrength to face adversity and remain steadfast in faith.
ImperishabilityThe everlasting nature of God’s covenant.
Firm foundationBuilding our lives on a solid foundation of faith.
shittim wood

By embodying the symbolism of shittim wood, we reflect God’s character and faithfulness to the world. Just as the Tabernacle stood as a testament to God’s presence, our lives can be a living testament of His love and grace.


In conclusion, the different types of wood used in the construction of the Tabernacle hold significant symbolic meanings that resonate with believers. Each type of wood represents important aspects of faith and spirituality, reminding us of God’s enduring presence and the call to live a life that reflects His teachings.

Acacia wood, symbolizing durability, purity, and resilience, serves as a reminder of the eternal nature of God’s word and the strength of our faith in the face of challenges. Cedar wood, with its vivid fragrance and decay resistance, represents purification and divine protection in the believer’s journey.

Cypress wood, though not explicitly mentioned in relation to the Tabernacle, symbolizes longevity and steadfastness in faith, urging believers to stand firm and unwavering in their convictions. Fir wood, with its elevation and loftiness, encourages believers to seek things above and set their hearts and minds on heavenly matters.

Olive wood, while not utilized in the Tabernacle, holds profound symbolism, representing peace, anointing, and the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit. It reminds believers of their sanctification and the guidance offered by the Holy Spirit in their lives.


Pine wood, known for its evergreen nature and straight growth, symbolizes everlasting life and immortality. Its inclusion in sacred constructions signifies the eternal covenant between God and His people, assuring believers of the promise of eternal life through faith.

Shittim wood, also known as acacia wood, represents resilience and the imperishable nature of God’s covenant. It reinforces the unshakeable foundation of our faith and God’s unwavering commitment to His people.

By understanding the symbolism of these different types of wood, believers are encouraged to reflect on their faith and its enduring nature. Through the use of diverse wood species, the construction of the Tabernacle becomes a powerful testament to the depth and richness of spiritual truths.

As we contemplate the significance of these symbolic woods, may we be inspired to live lives that are rooted in faith, resilience, and the understanding of God’s eternal love and presence.

What Types of Wood Were Used by the Artists and Craftsmen in Building the Tabernacle and Their Symbolism?

The artists and craftsmen tabernacle builders used acacia wood for the framework and furniture, symbolizing purity and endurance. They also used cedar wood for inner walls, representing strength and protection. Olive wood was utilized for carving decorations, symbolizing peace and prosperity. Each type of wood carried deep symbolism in the construction of the Tabernacle.

Additional Symbolic Wood References in Scripture

The use of wood as a symbolic element extends beyond the types of wood utilized in the construction of the Tabernacle. Throughout Scripture, we find numerous references to wood that carry profound symbolic meanings, showcasing its significance in religious contexts.

One notable example is the reference to the Tree of Life in the Garden of Eden. The Tree of Life is believed to have been made of wood, representing the immortality and eternal fellowship with God. Its presence signifies the divine connection between humanity and the Creator.

Another instance is the story of Noah’s Ark. The Ark was built using gopher wood and served as a vessel of salvation from the flood. This wood symbolizes God’s provision, protection, and His faithfulness to His people, even in the face of impending judgment.

Furthermore, in the New Testament, we encounter the wooden cross on which Jesus was crucified. The cross, made of wood, represents not only the physical instrument of Jesus’ sacrifice but also the ultimate symbol of redemption, salvation, and God’s love for humanity.