Old Testament In 1 Peter Chapter 1

In 1 Peter 1 in the King James Version (KJV), there are references and allusions to various Scriptures from the Old Testament. Here are some notable connections:

  1. Redemption through the blood of Christ:
  • “Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot” (1 Peter 1:18-19).
  • Reference to the Passover lamb without blemish, which was a foreshadowing of Jesus as the perfect sacrifice (Exodus 12:5).
  1. The imperishable nature of God’s Word:
  • “Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth forever” (1 Peter 1:23).
  • Allusion to Isaiah 40:8: “The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand forever.”
  1. Holiness and obedience:
  • “But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy” (1 Peter 1:15-16).
  • Quoting Leviticus 11:44-45: “For I am the Lord your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy.”
  1. The precious cornerstone:
  • “To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious, ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ” (1 Peter 2:4-5).
  • Allusion to Isaiah 28:16: “Therefore thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation.”
  1. The enduring word of God:
  • “But the word of the Lord endureth forever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you” (1 Peter 1:25).
  • Allusion to Isaiah 40:8: “The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the word of our God shall stand forever.”

These references and allusions highlight the connections between the teachings in 1 Peter and the principles, prophecies, and instructions found in the Old Testament Scriptures.

Redemption through the blood of Christ in the Old Testament

  1. The Sacrifice of Isaac (Genesis 22): In this story, Abraham demonstrates his faith in God by offering his son Isaac as a sacrifice. However, God provides a ram as a substitute, foreshadowing the ultimate sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
  2. The Passover Lamb (Exodus 12): God commanded the Israelites to sacrifice a lamb and smear its blood on their doorposts during the final plague in Egypt. The blood of the lamb served as a sign of redemption and protection from God’s judgment.
  3. The Bronze Serpent (Numbers 21): When the Israelites were afflicted by poisonous snakes in the wilderness, God instructed Moses to make a bronze serpent and set it on a pole. Those who looked at the serpent were healed and spared from death. Jesus later compared this event to His own crucifixion, symbolizing redemption through His sacrifice on the cross (John 3:14-15).
  4. The Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16): Once a year, the high priest would enter the Most Holy Place and offer a sacrifice, sprinkling blood on the mercy seat. This act of atonement symbolized the covering of sin and the reconciliation between God and His people.
  5. The Suffering Servant (Isaiah 53): In this prophecy, Isaiah speaks of a servant who would bear the sins of many and be wounded for their transgressions. This servant’s suffering and sacrifice foreshadow the redemptive work of Jesus Christ.
  6. The Cities of Refuge (Numbers 35): God appointed six cities of refuge in the Promised Land where someone who unintentionally caused another’s death could find asylum. These cities provided protection from those seeking vengeance, representing a form of redemption through shelter.
  7. The Scapegoat (Leviticus 16): On the Day of Atonement, the high priest would select two goats. One goat was sacrificed as a sin offering, while the other, known as the scapegoat, had the sins of the people symbolically placed upon it and was sent into the wilderness, representing the removal and redemption of sin.
  8. Rahab and the Scarlet Cord (Joshua 2): When the Israelites were about to conquer Jericho, Rahab, a prostitute, hid the Israelite spies and protected them. In return, she and her family were spared when the city fell. The scarlet cord she hung from her window acted as a sign of redemption and salvation.
  9. David’s Psalm of Repentance (Psalm 51): After David’s sinful acts with Bathsheba, he composed this psalm of repentance, acknowledging his transgressions and pleading for God’s mercy. He understood the need for redemption and the cleansing power of God’s forgiveness.
  10. The Prophet Isaiah’s Call (Isaiah 6): When Isaiah had a vision of God’s glory, he realized his sinfulness and impurity. An angel took a burning coal from the altar and touched Isaiah’s lips with it, symbolizing purification and redemption. This act prepared him to become a prophet and messenger of God’s redemption to Israel.

The precious cornerstone in the Old Testament

  1. The Stone in Daniel’s Vision (Daniel 2): In King Nebuchadnezzar’s dream interpreted by Daniel, a stone not made by human hands struck a statue representing various earthly kingdoms. This stone grew into a mountain and filled the whole earth, symbolizing the establishment of God’s eternal kingdom through the Messiah.
  2. Jacob’s Pillar Stone (Genesis 28): When Jacob fled from his brother Esau, he dreamed of a ladder reaching heaven, with angels ascending and descending upon it. He then set up a stone as a pillar and poured oil on it, anointing it as a sacred place. This stone can be seen as a foreshadowing of the precious cornerstone, representing the connection between heaven and earth.
  3. The Rejected Stone (Psalm 118:22): The psalmist declares, “The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.” This verse highlights the significance of a stone initially rejected by builders but ultimately chosen and exalted by God, which can be seen as a prophetic reference to Jesus Christ.
  4. The Foundation Stone in Isaiah (Isaiah 28): Isaiah speaks of a sure foundation stone laid in Zion by God, which would provide stability and security for those who believe. This stone is associated with wisdom and righteousness and is often interpreted as a representation of the Messiah.
  5. The Stone of Bethel (Genesis 35): After Jacob’s encounter with God at Bethel, he set up a stone as a pillar, pouring a drink offering and oil on it. The stone became a place of worship and commemoration, reminiscent of the precious cornerstone as a focal point for worship and the dwelling place of God’s presence.
  6. The Stone Cut Without Hands (Zechariah 4): Zechariah had a vision of a stone with seven eyes, representing the eyes of the Lord, being cut without human hands. This stone would become the capstone, completing the work of God and bringing about redemption and restoration.
  7. The Stone Given to Joshua (Zechariah 3): In a vision, the high priest Joshua was accused by Satan, but the Lord intervened and declared him righteous. Joshua was given a clean turban and a stone with seven facets, symbolizing the forgiveness of sin and the establishment of a new covenant through the Messiah.
  8. The Smitten Rock (Exodus 17): When the Israelites were thirsty in the wilderness, God instructed Moses to strike a rock, and water gushed forth to quench their thirst. This rock can be seen as a prefigurement of Christ, who would be smitten for the sake of the salvation and spiritual nourishment of God’s people.
  9. The Cornerstone in Isaiah (Isaiah 28:16): Isaiah refers to a precious cornerstone laid in Zion, chosen and firm, which would provide a sure foundation for those who trust in it. This cornerstone represents the Messiah, the foundation of God’s redemptive plan.
  10. The Stone of Witness (Joshua 24): Joshua set up a large stone as a witness of the covenant between God and Israel. This stone served as a reminder of God’s faithfulness and the people’s commitment to serve Him, foreshadowing the precious cornerstone as a witness to God’s covenant with humanity through Jesus Christ.

The imperishable nature of God’s Word in the Old Testament

  1. The Ten Commandments (Exodus 20): God inscribed the commandments on stone tablets, symbolizing the enduring nature of His laws. These commandments continue to guide and shape moral principles to this day.
  2. The Promise to Abraham (Genesis 17): God made an everlasting covenant with Abraham, promising him numerous descendants and blessing all nations through him. This covenant demonstrates the faithfulness of God’s Word throughout generations.
  3. The Prophecies of Isaiah (Isaiah 40-66): The prophecies spoken by Isaiah revealed God’s plans for redemption and restoration. Many of these prophecies have been fulfilled, confirming the reliability and lasting nature of God’s Word.
  4. The Psalms of David (Psalms): The psalms express David’s deep trust in God’s Word and His faithfulness. They continue to provide comfort, guidance, and inspiration to believers throughout the ages.
  5. The Proverbs of Solomon (Proverbs): Solomon’s collection of wisdom literature contains timeless truths and practical guidance for righteous living. The enduring relevance of these proverbs demonstrates the imperishable nature of God’s Word.
  6. The Promised Messiah (Isaiah 9:6-7): Isaiah prophesied about the coming of the Messiah, who would establish an everlasting kingdom. The fulfillment of this prophecy in Jesus Christ underscores the enduring nature of God’s promises.
  7. The Words of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1-52): Jeremiah’s prophecies warned of judgment and exile but also offered hope of restoration and a new covenant. Despite the challenging circumstances, God’s Word remained steadfast and true.
  8. The Law of Moses (Deuteronomy): The laws given to Moses by God formed the foundation of Israel’s religious and civil life. The enduring relevance of these laws reflects the timeless nature of God’s Word as a guide for His people.
  9. The Wisdom of Job (Job): The book of Job grapples with the mystery of suffering and the sovereignty of God. Throughout the dialogue, God’s Word remains a constant source of wisdom and understanding.
  10. The Promises to David (2 Samuel 7): God made an everlasting covenant with David, promising that his dynasty would endure forever. Despite the challenges faced by David’s descendants, the ultimate fulfillment of this promise is found in Jesus Christ, highlighting the unchanging nature of God’s Word.

Holiness and obedience in the Old Testament

  1. The Holiness of God (Leviticus 19:2): God commands His people to be holy because He is holy. This verse establishes the standard of holiness and emphasizes the importance of reflecting God’s character through righteous living.
  2. The Obedience of Abraham (Genesis 22): When God commanded Abraham to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice, Abraham demonstrated his obedience by willingly following God’s instructions. His obedience exemplified faith and trust in God’s plan.
  3. The Call of Moses (Exodus 3-4): When God called Moses to deliver the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, Moses initially resisted, but eventually obeyed. His obedience to God’s call led to the liberation of God’s people.
  4. The Holiness Code (Leviticus 17-26): In the book of Leviticus, God provides a set of laws known as the Holiness Code. These laws encompass various aspects of life, instructing the Israelites on how to live in obedience and holiness before God.
  5. The Sin and Repentance of David (2 Samuel 11-12; Psalm 51): David’s affair with Bathsheba and his subsequent repentance in Psalm 51 highlight the importance of obedience and the need for repentance when one falls short of God’s standards.
  6. The Obedience of Noah (Genesis 6-9): Noah faithfully followed God’s instructions to build the ark and gather the animals in preparation for the flood. His obedience saved him, his family, and a remnant of creation.
  7. The Covenant at Mount Sinai (Exodus 19-20): When God gave the Ten Commandments and the Law to the Israelites at Mount Sinai, it established a covenant relationship with His people. Obedience to these commandments was crucial in maintaining the covenant and reflecting God’s holiness.
  8. The Call of Isaiah (Isaiah 6): In Isaiah’s vision of God’s holiness, he responded to God’s call by saying, “Here am I; send me.” Isaiah’s obedience to God’s commission led him to proclaim God’s message of judgment and redemption.
  9. The Holiness of the Tabernacle/Temple (Exodus 40; 1 Kings 8): The meticulous instructions given by God for the construction of the tabernacle and later the temple underscored the importance of holiness in worship and obedience to God’s design.
  10. The Prophetic Call to Obedience (Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and others): Throughout the Old Testament, God raised up prophets who called the people of Israel to repentance and obedience. Their messages emphasized the significance of living in holiness and obedience to God’s commands.

The enduring word of God in the Old Testament

  1. The Creation Account (Genesis 1): The opening chapter of the Bible establishes God’s creative power and the enduring nature of His word. Through His spoken word, God brought the universe into existence, setting the stage for His ongoing work throughout history.
  2. The Covenant with Noah (Genesis 9): After the flood, God made a covenant with Noah and all living creatures, promising never to destroy the earth again by water. The rainbow served as a sign of this enduring covenant.
  3. The Promises to Abraham (Genesis 12, 15, 17): God’s promises to Abraham included land, descendants, and blessings for all nations. These promises were reiterated throughout Abraham’s life and were ultimately fulfilled generations later.
  4. The Law Given to Moses (Exodus 20; Deuteronomy): God’s giving of the Law to Moses at Mount Sinai represents His enduring word and His desire for His people to walk in obedience. The principles and commands outlined in the Law continue to inform ethical and moral standards today.
  5. The Prophecies of Isaiah (Isaiah 40-66): The book of Isaiah contains prophecies of judgment, restoration, and the coming of the Messiah. Many of these prophecies find fulfillment in Jesus Christ, demonstrating the enduring nature of God’s word.
  6. The Wisdom Literature (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Job): The wisdom literature in the Old Testament provides timeless insights and practical guidance for navigating life’s challenges. The enduring relevance of these writings reflects the enduring word of God.
  7. The Psalms (Psalms): The Psalms express a range of human emotions and experiences while affirming the faithfulness and enduring word of God. They continue to be a source of comfort, praise, and prayer for believers.
  8. The Promises to David (2 Samuel 7): God made an enduring covenant with David, promising that his dynasty would endure forever. This covenant finds its fulfillment in Jesus Christ, the eternal King from the line of David.
  9. The Call of the Prophets (Jeremiah, Ezekiel, etc.): Throughout the Old Testament, God raised up prophets to deliver His messages of warning, judgment, and hope. Their words affirmed the enduring word of God and called the people to repentance and faithfulness.
  10. The Hope of Restoration (Jeremiah 31; Ezekiel 36): In the midst of judgment and exile, God’s word through the prophets offered hope for restoration and renewal. These promises provided assurance of God’s faithfulness and the enduring nature of His plans for His people.

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